There are many parts that go into building a studio, and almost every one of them is as important as the other. If you have a great mixer, it is rather useless if there is no quality soundcard you can plug it in to; if you have a great compressor or equalizer, it means nothing without a well-insulated recording booth. All these things need to be in place in order to get a high quality recording.
However, many people who have an interest in audio recording are most concerned about the microphone they’ll use in their studio. And there’s a very good reason behind that as well. Experience has shown us that good microphones can make up for a lot of things missing in our studios. It is the bridge that connects the physical world (the sound of vocals and instruments) with the digital world of recording.
If you have a modest home recording studio setup and a high-quality microphone, you will still be able to produce professional sounding music. However, if you have a studio, and expensive studio equipment with all the latest and top-notch gear and an average microphone, there’s no way you’ll be able to get something out of that expensive gear
Know your needs
Before you go out to buy a microphone for your studio, you’ll have to know what you need it for. Most of the people who want to buy their first studio mic are looking for something that will capture vocals as nicely as possible. However, you may not be interested in recording vocals, but rather your acoustic guitar.
Knowing what you want to do with your studio microphone is the first thing you have to establish, as the differences may determine the end result.
Vocals are specific as they are unique to every human being. Still, there are some very similar aspects of frequency that makes vocals more responsive to certain types of microphones.
Condenser microphones with a big diaphragm are the best choice for most vocals. Models like “The Neumann TLM 102” or “The sE Electronics sE2200a II” are some of the leading mics and will do wonders with when recording vocal.
Acoustic instruments microphones
Acoustic instruments like the acoustic guitar are best recorded with a condenser microphone with a small diaphragm, as they get the best sound from the instrument’s range.
Notable models are the “Shure SM81” and the “AKG Perception 170” model for this kind of recording.
Instruments like electric guitars and base guitars are best recorded with dynamic microphones put in front of guitar amps.
The “Shure SM57” and the “Sennheiser MD421” are great examples of microphones for this purpose in particular.
Now that we’ve seen what kinds of recordings require what microphone, it needs to be said that figuring out what to buy first is often a conundrum. Let’s say you’re a songwriter and don’t have the budget to buy two mics, we would recommend that you go with the large diaphragm condenser mic first, as it will let you record your vocal on a high-quality level, and you can use it for other types of recordings as well. The rest is up to you and your needs. Good luck!